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What's a Computer Motherboard?
All vital internal components of a computer system are connected to a flat, rectangular circuit board known as the computer motherboard. If the CPU is known because the "brains" of a computer, the motherboard might be considered the "heart." In pc terminology, the motherboard can be called the logic board, mainboard, or system board. It is commonly abbreviated as "mobo" or MB.
While a motherboard does not boost the speed of a pc, it is likely one of the most essential parts of a pc because it links all parts that allow a pc system to function. If you're purchasing a barebone system, it will always come with a motherboard which serves because the spine or backbone upon which other computer parts might be attached.
Most of a computer's internal components are plugged directly onto the motherboard via sockets or slots. A motherboard might comprise an Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) that can be used to attach an AGP video card, Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) slots for PCI video cards and network cards, and Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE) interfaces for hard drives and optical drives. The pc motherboard also accommodates several ports for external peripherals like the monitor, printer, keyboard, mouse, speakers and removable devices.
A pc part could also be built into the motherboard. Some examples are integrated sound cards, graphics cards or Network Interface Cards (NIC). A constructed-in pc element may be disabled in favor of a more highly effective version.
In particular, the computer motherboard accommodates a socket that can accommodate a particular type of CPU. Some motherboards can only assist AMD CPUs while others are only compatible with Intel processors. There is but no motherboard that can support all types of CPUs.
The computer motherboard additionally incorporates a north bridge chipset and a south bridge chipset. The north bridge links the hard disk drive and RAM to the motherboard while the south bridge connects other computer components like the video cards and sound cards to the motherboard.
Additionally, the motherboard has a Primary Enter/Output System (BIOS) chip that checks laptop hardware like the power supply unit and the hard disk drives for malfunctions. After performing its hardware check, the BIOS chip powers up the pc CPU. When you boot up your PC, the BIOS is the first program run by the pc earlier than bringing you to Windows or your favored working system.
The computer motherboard also features a real-time battery-operated clock chip that determines time. This is the reason why they'll nonetheless tell time appropriately even if they haven't seen any use in weeks or months.
Merely put, the motherboard serves as a hub where the CPU, RAM, hard disk drive, optical drive, graphics card, sound card and different computer hardware can meet and mingle!
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