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What's a Computer Motherboard?
All vital internal parts of a pc system are linked to a flat, rectangular circuit board known as the computer motherboard. If the CPU is known because the "brains" of a pc, the motherboard could be regarded as the "heart." In pc terminology, the motherboard can also be called the logic board, mainboard, or system board. It's commonly abbreviated as "mobo" or MB.
While a motherboard does not enhance the speed of a computer, it is without doubt one of the most essential parts of a computer because it links all elements that permit a pc system to function. If you are buying a barebone system, it will always come with a motherboard which serves because the spine or backbone upon which other computer parts can be attached.
Most of a computer's inside parts are plugged directly onto the motherboard via sockets or slots. A motherboard might contain an Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) that can be utilized to attach an AGP video card, Peripheral Element Interconnect (PCI) slots for PCI video cards and network cards, and Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE) interfaces for hard drives and optical drives. The computer motherboard also accommodates a number of ports for external peripherals like the monitor, printer, keyboard, mouse, speakers and removable devices.
A pc component may be constructed into the motherboard. Some examples are integrated sound cards, graphics cards or Network Interface Cards (NIC). A built-in computer part could also be disabled in favor of a more powerful version.
In particular, the pc motherboard comprises a socket that can accommodate a particular type of CPU. Some motherboards can only assist AMD CPUs while others are only compatible with Intel processors. There is yet no motherboard that can support all types of CPUs.
The computer motherboard also contains a north bridge chipset and a south bridge chipset. The north bridge links the hard disk drive and RAM to the motherboard while the south bridge connects other pc elements like the video cards and sound cards to the motherboard.
Additionally, the motherboard has a Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) chip that checks pc hardware like the ability supply unit and the hard disk drives for malfunctions. After performing its hardware check, the BIOS chip powers up the computer CPU. When you boot up your PC, the BIOS is the primary program run by the pc before bringing you to Windows or your favored operating system.
The pc motherboard also includes a real-time battery-operated clock chip that determines time. This is the reason why they will still inform time accurately even when they have not seen any use in weeks or months.
Simply put, the motherboard serves as a hub the place the CPU, RAM, hard disk drive, optical drive, graphics card, sound card and other computer hardware can meet and mingle!
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